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Adaptive attenuation factor model for localization in wireless sensor networks

Yung‐Chien Shih (Department of Computer Science and Information Engineering, National Chiao Tung University, Hsinchu, Taiwan, Republic of China)
Yuan‐Ying Hsu (Telcordia Applied Research Center Taiwan Co., Taipei, Taiwan, Republic of China)
Chien‐Hung Chen (MediaTek Inc., Hsinchu, Taiwan, Republic of China)
Chien‐Chao Tseng (Department of Computer Science and Information Engineering, National Chiao Tung University, Hsinchu, Taiwan, Republic of China)
Edwin Sha (Department of Computer Science, University of Texas at Dallas, Richardson, Texas, USA)

International Journal of Pervasive Computing and Communications

ISSN: 1742-7371

Article publication date: 5 September 2008

422

Abstract

Purpose

The accuracy of sensor location estimation influences directly the quality and reliability of services provided by a wireless sensor network (WSN). However, current localization methods may require additional hardware, like global positioning system (GPS), or suffer from inaccuracy like detecting radio signals. It is not proper to add extra hardware in tiny sensors, so the aim is to improve the accuracy of localization algorithms.

Design/methodology/approach

The original signal propagation‐based localization algorithm adopts a static attenuation factor model and cannot adjust its modeling parameters in accordance with the local environment. In this paper an adaptive localization algorithm for WSNs that can dynamically adjust ranging function to calculate the distance between two sensors is presented. By adjusting the ranging function dynamically, the location of a sensor node can be estimated more accurately.

Findings

The NCTUNs simulator is used to verify the accuracy and analyze the performance of the algorithm. Simulation results show that the algorithm can indeed achieve more accurate localization using just a small number of reference nodes in a WSN.

Research limitations/implications

There is a need to have accurate location information of reference nodes.

Practical implications

This is an effective low‐cost solution for the localization of sensor nodes.

Originality/value

An adaptive localization algorithm that can dynamically adjust ranging function to calculate the distance between two sensors for sensor network deployment and providing location services is described.

Keywords

Citation

Shih, Y., Hsu, Y., Chen, C., Tseng, C. and Sha, E. (2008), "Adaptive attenuation factor model for localization in wireless sensor networks", International Journal of Pervasive Computing and Communications, Vol. 4 No. 3, pp. 257-267. https://doi.org/10.1108/17427370810911621

Publisher

:

Emerald Group Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2008, Emerald Group Publishing Limited

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