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A simple dynamic clustering approach to achieve energy efficiency for wireless sensor networks

Giljae Lee (Korea Institute of Science and Technology Information, Research Network Development Team, Daejeon, South Korea)
Yoonjoo Kwon (Korea Institute of Science and Technology Information, Research Network Development Team, Daejeon, South Korea)
Woojin Seok (Korea Institute of Science and Technology Information, Research Network Development Team, Daejeon, South Korea)
Minsun Lee (Korea Institute of Science and Technology Information, Research Network Development Team, Daejeon, South Korea)

International Journal of Pervasive Computing and Communications

ISSN: 1742-7371

Article publication date: 27 June 2008

Abstract

Purpose

Recent wireless communication and electronics technology has enabled the development of low‐cost, low‐power, and multi‐functional sensor nodes. However, the fact that sensor nodes are severely energy‐constrained has been an issue and many energy‐efficient routing protocols have been proposed to resolve it. Cluster‐based routing protocol is one of them. To achieve longer lifetime, some cluster‐based routing protocols use information on GPS‐based location of each sensor node. However, because of high cost, not all sensor nodes can be GPS‐enabled. The purpose of this paper is to propose a simple dynamic clustering approach to achieve energy efficiency for wireless sensor networks (WSN).

Design/methodology/approach

Instead of using location information of each sensor node, this approach utilizes information of remaining energy of each sensor node and changes in the number of cluster head nodes dependent on the number of sensor nodes alive. Performance results are presented and compared with some related protocols.

Findings

The simulations described in the paper show that both residual energy of each sensor node and changing cluster head nodes depending on the number of sensor nodes alive are very critical factors to obtain performance enhancement in terms of lifetime and data transmission. Especially, in some special environment, the proposal has better performance than GPS‐enabled protocol.

Originality/value

The paper is of value in proposing a simple dynamic clustering approach to achieve energy efficiency for WSN.

Keywords

Citation

Lee, G., Kwon, Y., Seok, W. and Lee, M. (2008), "A simple dynamic clustering approach to achieve energy efficiency for wireless sensor networks", International Journal of Pervasive Computing and Communications, Vol. 4 No. 2, pp. 185-197. https://doi.org/10.1108/17427370810890373

Publisher

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Emerald Group Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2008, Emerald Group Publishing Limited