Design principles and first educational experiments of πR, a platform to infer geo‐referenced itineraries from travel stories

Pierre Loustau (Laboratoire LIUPPA, UFR Sciences et Techniques, Université de Pau et des Pays de l'Adour (UPPA), Pau, France)
Thierry Nodenot (Laboratoire LIUPPA, IUT de Bayonne, Université de Pau et des Pays de l'Adour (UPPA), Pau, France)
Mauro Gaio (Laboratoire LIUPPA, UFR Sciences et Techniques, Université de Pau et des Pays de l'Adour (UPPA), Pau, France)

Interactive Technology and Smart Education

ISSN: 1741-5659

Publication date: 30 January 2009

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to present a computational approach and a toolset to infer spatial displacements as they occur in route narrative documents and report on first experiments done to produce computer‐aided learning (CAL) applications and instructional design editors that exploit the inferred georeferenced itineraries.

Design/methodology/approach

Identification of the structure of natural language expressions to indicate spatial displacement, as they occur in route narrative documents. Use of geographic information systems technology to treat the semantics of spatial displacements identified in route narrative documents.

Findings

It was found that French route narratives can be linguistically analyzed with a relatively simple structure (two computational models). Transducers are used to successfully analyze displacements verbs and to attach some semantics to paragraphs of route narratives.

Research limitations/implications

The same structure valid for French texts can be found in English texts as well. Further work could lead to fundamental questions about whether itineraries are linguistic universals.

Practical implications

The toolset is fully functional and can be tested on the World Wide Web for information retrieval purposes. Currently it is used for CAL applications to tutor learners in the process of reading route narratives documents.

Originality/value

The paper demonstrates that the featured computational models and toolset are mature enough to be embedded in end‐user applications.

Keywords

Citation

Loustau, P., Nodenot, T. and Gaio, M. (2009), "Design principles and first educational experiments of πR, a platform to infer geo‐referenced itineraries from travel stories", Interactive Technology and Smart Education, Vol. 6 No. 1, pp. 23-39. https://doi.org/10.1108/17415650910965182

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Publisher

:

Emerald Group Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2009, Emerald Group Publishing Limited

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