Collaborative filtering and inference rules for context‐aware learning object recommendation

Daniel Lemire (UQAM, 4750, avenue Henri‐Julien, Montréal, QC H2T 3E4 Canada)
Harold Boley (NRC, 46 Dineen Drive, Fredericton, New Brunswick E3B 9W4, Canada)
Sean McGrath (3 UNB, 540 Windsor Street, Fredericton, New Brunswick E3B 5A3, Canada)
Marcel Ball (3 UNB, 540 Windsor Street, Fredericton, New Brunswick E3B 5A3, Canada)

Interactive Technology and Smart Education

ISSN: 1741-5659

Publication date: 31 August 2005

Abstract

Learning objects strive for reusability in e‐Learning to reduce cost and allow personalization of content. We show why learning objects require adapted Information Retrieval systems. In the spirit of the Semantic Web, we discuss the semantic description, discovery, and composition of learning objects. As part of our project, we tag learning objects with both objective (e.g., title, date, and author) and subjective (e.g., quality and relevance) metadata. We present the RACOFI (Rule‐Applying Collaborative Filtering) Composer prototype with its novel combination of two libraries and their associated engines: a collaborative filtering system and an inference rule system. We developed RACOFI to generate context‐aware recommendation lists. Context is handled by multidimensional predictions produced from a database‐driven scalable collaborative filtering algorithm. Rules are then applied to the predictions to customize the recommendations according to user profiles. The RACOFI Composer architecture has been developed into the contextaware music portal inDiscover.

Keywords

Citation

Lemire, D., Boley, H., McGrath, S. and Ball, M. (2005), "Collaborative filtering and inference rules for context‐aware learning object recommendation", Interactive Technology and Smart Education, Vol. 2 No. 3, pp. 179-188. https://doi.org/10.1108/17415650580000043

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Publisher

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Emerald Group Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2005, Emerald Group Publishing Limited

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