We propose herein a motion detection artificial vision model which uses analog electronic circuits. The proposed model is comprised of four layers. The first layer is a differentiation circuit of the large capacitor and resistance (CR) coefficient, and the second layer is a differentiation circuit of the small CR coefficient. Thus, the speed of the movement object is detected. The third layer is a difference circuit for detecting the movement direction, and the fourth layer is a multiple circuit for detecting pure motion output. The model was shown to be capable of detecting a movement object in the image. Moreover, the proposed model can be used to detect two or more objects, which is advantageous for detection in an environment in which several objects are moving in multiple directions simultaneously. From a technological viewpoint, the proposed model facilitates clarification of the mechanism of the biomedical vision system, which should enable design and simulation by an analog electric circuit for detecting the movement and speed of objects.
Kawaguchi, M., Jimbo, T., Umeno, M. and Ishii, N. (2005), "Direction selective ergonomics and human factors ‐ a layout for analog VLSI", Interactive Technology and Smart Education, Vol. 2 No. 1, pp. 55-59. https://doi.org/10.1108/17415650580000033
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