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Dynamic implications of customer order decoupling point positioning

Philip Hedenstierna (Virtual Systems Research Centre, University of Skövde, Skövde, Sweden)
Amos H.C. Ng (Virtual Systems Research Centre, University of Skövde, Skövde, Sweden)

Journal of Manufacturing Technology Management

ISSN: 1741-038X

Article publication date: 25 October 2011

Abstract

Purpose

The positioning of the customer order decoupling point (CODP) is an important strategic consideration for supply chains. Recently, research has focused only on the static effects of CODP positioning. The purpose of this paper is to expand the body of knowledge by describing the dynamic consequences that arise from shifting the CODP upstream or downstream.

Design/methodology/approach

A generic assembly‐to‐order system dynamics simulation model is developed and used to evaluate the dynamic consequences of shifting the CODP.

Findings

Placing the CODP downstream allows for short‐term fluctuations in demand to be absorbed by the order book, leading to a stable production rate and inventory response. This benefit must, however, be weighed against any additional safety stock a CODP placed far downstream may require.

Research limitations/implications

The paper demonstrates the importance of considering the dynamic aspects of CODP positioning. Further research should investigate the phenomenon for different demand scenarios and supply chain configurations.

Practical implications

Downstream shifting of the CODP has been identified as a powerful way to reduce variability in assembly‐to‐order systems.

Originality/value

This paper introduces the dynamic consequences of CODP location, providing a new perspective that should be considered when positioning the CODP.

Keywords

Citation

Hedenstierna, P. and Ng, A.H.C. (2011), "Dynamic implications of customer order decoupling point positioning", Journal of Manufacturing Technology Management, Vol. 22 No. 8, pp. 1032-1042. https://doi.org/10.1108/17410381111177476

Publisher

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Emerald Group Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2011, Emerald Group Publishing Limited