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Overview of remote sensing techniques in earthquake prediction

Habibeh Valizadeh Alvan (Department of Civil Engineering, Mountainous Terrain Development Research Center (MTDRC), University Putra Malaysia, Serdang, Malaysia)
Husaini b. Omar (Department of Civil Engineering, Mountainous Terrain Development Research Center (MTDRC), University Putra Malaysia, Serdang, Malaysia)

Journal of Engineering, Design and Technology

ISSN: 1726-0531

Article publication date: 12 July 2011

Abstract

Purpose

The matter of predicting disasters has always been one of the hottest and most challenging tasks in geology. Earthquakes are among the most destructive ones among all the natural hazards. Occurring often without any warning, they are the most feared and unpredictable natural phenomena. In recent years with the emergence of new remote sensing instruments and techniques, geologists interested themselves to define accurate and reliable procedures to foresee disasters using this new technology. This paper aims to examine some of the data that have been used so far in earthquake prediction as well as cheap, relevant remotely sensing and geographic information systems methods to acquire and manipulate data.

Design/methodology/approach

Earthquakes are not the same in terms of origins, places (depth) and effects. So after having a brief look at the earthquakes, this paper examines the data that can be used for predicting earthquakes and reviews some of the remote sensing methods used to predict tectonic earthquakes. According to the types of measurements, remote sensing methods can be categorized in three main types; crust displacement, thermal and electromagnetic detecting techniques. Regarding the area's geological characteristics, satellites with optical and/or synthetic aperture radar sensors applications in prediction of large‐scale natural disasters will be discussed.

Findings

Presentation of the definitions and characteristics of earthquakes, categorized representation of the types of data used in this field as well as the types and names of the ground, aerial‐ and space‐borne data providers are the most important products of this review paper.

Originality/value

This method, if fully and systematically conducted, can be the cornerstone of an earth‐predicting system.

Keywords

Citation

Valizadeh Alvan, H. and Omar, H.b. (2011), "Overview of remote sensing techniques in earthquake prediction", Journal of Engineering, Design and Technology, Vol. 9 No. 2, pp. 164-177. https://doi.org/10.1108/17260531111151050

Publisher

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Emerald Group Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2011, Emerald Group Publishing Limited