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A Comparative Analysis of the National Innovation Systems of China and Australia

Hasan Akpolat (Faculty of Engineering, University of Technology Sydney, Australia)
Linzhao Chang (Faculty of Engineering, University of Technology Sydney, Australia)

Asian Journal on Quality

ISSN: 1598-2688

Article publication date: 17 April 2008

Abstract

This paper presents the findings of a visiting scholarship research that was carried out at the Faculty of Engineering, University of Technology Sydney, Australia. Based on the extensive literature review, government databases and international statistics, it introduces an analytical framework for comparison of the national innovation systems (NIS) of China and Australia in regards to their strengths and weaknesses. This is done through individual examination and comparison of functions of typical institutions involved in innovation to reveal the structural characteristics and performances of the two systems. The interactions among these institutions are then analysed to illustrate their dynamics and efficiency. The comparison has shown clearly that China’s NIS has several weaknesses and gaps due to its developing and transition stage. There are positive signs that Chinese Government has recognised the nature and scope of the problem and seems to work in the right direction. This paper aims to support this process by providing some recommendations that could help bridge the gaps between the NISs of China and Australia. Due to the fact that both, China’s and Australia’s NISs, have their unique characteristics but share numerous complementary features, there is a large potential for further cooperation between the two national innovation systems.

Keywords

Citation

Akpolat, H. and Chang, L. (2008), "A Comparative Analysis of the National Innovation Systems of China and Australia", Asian Journal on Quality, Vol. 9 No. 1, pp. 153-167. https://doi.org/10.1108/15982688200800010

Publisher

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Emerald Group Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2008, Emerald Group Publishing Limited