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Family and television influences on materialism: a cross‐cultural life‐course approach

George Moschis (Alfred Bernhardt Research Professor of Marketing and Director of the Center for Mature Consumers Studies, Georgia State University, Atlanta, Georgia, USA)
Fon Sim Ong (Professor and Head of Marketing Department, at Taylor's Business School, Taylor's University, Malaysia)
Anil Mathur (Brodlieb Distinguished Professor of Business, Department of Marketing and International Business, Frank G. Zarb School of Business, Hofstra University, New York, USA)
Takako Yamashita (Associate Professor of Marketing, Faculty of Commerce, University Gakuen‐nishi‐machi, Kobe, Japan)
Sarah Benmoyal‐Bouzaglo (PhD student at Université Paris‐Dauphine, Paris, France)

Journal of Asia Business Studies

ISSN: 1558-7894

Article publication date: 26 July 2011

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this study is to examine whether the development of materialistic values in early life reflects cultural norms or is the outcome of media and family influences. It seeks to examine the role of family communication and television, which were found to promote materialistic values in individualistic countries, by assessing their effects on youths in four countries that represent the Eastern and Western cultures: Japan, Malaysia, USA, and France.

Design/methodology/approach

The study used an anonymous self‐administered survey of young adults aged 18 to 32 years in two diverse Eastern countries: Japan and Malaysia (total n=351); the sample size was approximately the same for the Western countries of USA and France (n=315). The samples were equivalent with respect to demographic characteristics. The Malaysian questionnaires were available in both English and Malay. Measurement scales included in the Japanese questionnaires come from available translated versions. The French questionnaires were subjected to back translation.

Findings

The findings suggest that the influence of the socio‐oriented family communication structure on materialistic attitudes in Western cultures might be indirect by affecting the youth's patterns of television viewing. The findings also suggest that concept‐oriented family communication has no effect on youth's development of materialistic values, regardless of cultural background.

Originality/value

The findings suggest that television might not be as important a socialization agent in the development of materialistic values of youths in collectivistic Eastern countries as it has been in individualistic Western countries

Keywords

Citation

Moschis, G., Sim Ong, F., Mathur, A., Yamashita, T. and Benmoyal‐Bouzaglo, S. (2011), "Family and television influences on materialism: a cross‐cultural life‐course approach", Journal of Asia Business Studies, Vol. 5 No. 2, pp. 124-144. https://doi.org/10.1108/15587891111152302

Publisher

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Emerald Group Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2011, Emerald Group Publishing Limited