Environmental human resource management and competitive advantage

Eva Carmona‐Moreno (Dirección y Gestión de Empresas, Universidad de Almeria, Almeria, España)
José Céspedes‐Lorente (Dirección y Gestión de Empresas, Universidad de Almeria, Almeria, España)
Javier Martinez‐del‐Rio (Dirección y Gestión de Empresas, Universidad de Almeria, Almeria, España)

Management Research

ISSN: 1536-5433

Publication date: 10 August 2012

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to analyze the moderating effect of environmental human resource management on the relationship between firms' environmental management practices and competitive advantages of cost and differentiation.

Design/methodology/approach

CEOs of Spanish chemical firms were asked to respond to a questionnaire containing the measures of the study variables. The final sample consists of 94 firms and the hypotheses were tested using partial least square methodology.

Findings

Empirical evidence showed that companies with a high level of human resource environmental practices can benefit from the advantages in costs and differentiation derived from the implementation of pollution prevention technologies.

Originality/value

From a theoretical standpoint, the paper discusses the moderating role of environmental human resource management practices in the relationship between pollution prevention technologies and economic performance. Empirically, it provides evidence of the role of human resource management practices and proactive environmental management practices in supporting competitive advantages of cost and differentiation.

Keywords

Citation

Carmona‐Moreno, E., Céspedes‐Lorente, J. and Martinez‐del‐Rio, J. (2012), "Environmental human resource management and competitive advantage", Management Research, Vol. 10 No. 2, pp. 125-142. https://doi.org/10.1108/1536-541211251607

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Publisher

:

Emerald Group Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2012, Emerald Group Publishing Limited

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