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The role of money laundering reporting officers in combating money laundering in Zambia

Musonda Simwayi (PhD Student at the School of Public Administration, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan City, People's Republic of China)
Guohua Wang (Director at the Centre for Public Opinion, School of Public Administration, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan City, People's Republic of China)

Journal of Investment Compliance

ISSN: 1528-5812

Article publication date: 13 September 2011

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to assess the role of Money Laundering Reporting Officers (MLROs) in combating money laundering in Zambia's commercial banks.

Design/methodology/approach

Questionnaires were administered to MLROs in all commercial banks in Zambia as well as guided oral interviews.

Findings

The paper found that commercial banks in Zambia have generally complied with the Bank of Zambia AML directives of 2004 and they have taken AML laws and regulations very seriously. Support from senior management and board of directors is overwhelming. AML activities, in most banks, are incorporated in compliance departments and bank operations. However, some MLROs are not adequately trained and qualified to meet the demands of their positions. Further, some external factors have impacted negatively on the performance of MLRO. These factors include lack of feedback from the Anti‐Money Laundering Investigations Unit (AMLIU) and the snail's pace at which investigations are carried out.

Practical implications

The implications of these findings is that commercial banks should invest more resources in training MLROs and ensure that they are elevated to international standards. Such standards include certifications as money laundering experts.

Originality/value

MLROs are key to the AML regime all over the world. It is hoped that this study will encourage similar studies in other countries, particularly in Africa.

Keywords

Citation

Simwayi, M. and Wang, G. (2011), "The role of money laundering reporting officers in combating money laundering in Zambia", Journal of Investment Compliance, Vol. 12 No. 3, pp. 49-55. https://doi.org/10.1108/15285811111172303

Publisher

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Emerald Group Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2011, Emerald Group Publishing Limited