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Securitization and risk: empirical evidence on US banks

Hatice Uzun (Department of Finance, Long Island University, Brooklyn, New York, USA)
Elizabeth Webb (Supervision, Regulation, and Credit, Federal Reserve Bank of Philadelphia, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA)

Journal of Risk Finance

ISSN: 1526-5943

Article publication date: 9 January 2007

Abstract

Purpose

This paper aims to offer a comprehensive comparison of the characteristics between banks that securitize and banks that do not and to provide evidence of the capital arbitrage theory of securitization.

Design/methodology/approach

First, the fundamental financial similarities and differences between banks that securitize assets and banks that do not participate in the securitization market are tested. Second, variables that help predict whether a bank securitizes assets are analyzed. Third, the determinants of securitization extent in banks that securitize assets are investigated – for general securitization extent and for specific type of asset securitized. Using a sample of 112 banks that securitize different assets, a matched sample of banks that do not securitize based on entity type and size is created. A quarterly panel data set of these banks dating back to 2001 is used.

Findings

The results indicate that bank size is a significant determinant of whether a bank securitizes. Further, overall securitization extent is negatively related to the bank's capital ratio (in support of capital arbitrage theory), but this result is primarily driven by credit card securitization.

Originality/value

Utilizing a unique data set of quarterly data from bank Call Reports; the panel data set is large relative to past studies. A matched sample approach was used to test fundamental financial similarities and differences between securitizing and non‐securitizing banks. In addition to aggregated securitization, an examination was made of how different classes of assets affect the banks' risk‐based capital ratios and test the capital arbitrage theory of securitization.

Keywords

Citation

Uzun, H. and Webb, E. (2007), "Securitization and risk: empirical evidence on US banks", Journal of Risk Finance, Vol. 8 No. 1, pp. 11-23. https://doi.org/10.1108/15265940710721046

Publisher

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Emerald Group Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2007, Emerald Group Publishing Limited