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Motives for Helping: Exploring Cultural Influences on Extra‐Role Behavior

Melody L. Wollan (Eastern Illinois University)
Mary F. Sully de Luque (Thunderbird School of Global Management)
Marko Grunhagen (Eastern Illinois University)

Multinational Business Review

ISSN: 1525-383X

Article publication date: 11 March 2009



This paper suggests that motives for engaging in affiliative‐promotive “helping” extra‐role behavior is related to cross‐cultural differences. The cultural dimensions of in‐group collectivism, uncertainty avoidance, performance orientation, and humane orientation, and their differential effect on helping extra‐role behavior in a diverse workforce are examined. Theoretical implications provide guidance for future empirical research in this area, and provide managers with more realistic expectations of employee performance in the workplace.



Wollan, M.L., Sully de Luque, M.F. and Grunhagen, M. (2009), "Motives for Helping: Exploring Cultural Influences on Extra‐Role Behavior", Multinational Business Review, Vol. 17 No. 1, pp. 99-119.



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Copyright © 2009, Emerald Group Publishing Limited

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