Stabilization of oil‐contaminated soils using cement and cement by‐pass dust

Amer Al‐Rawas (Department of Civil and Architectural Engineering, Sultan Qaboos University, Muscat, Sultanate of Oman)
Hossam F. Hassan (Department of Civil and Architectural Engineering, Sultan Qaboos University, Muscat, Sultanate of Oman)
Ramzi Taha (Department of Civil and Architectural Engineering, Sultan Qaboos University, Muscat, Sultanate of Oman)
Abdulwahid Hago (Department of Civil and Architectural Engineering, Sultan Qaboos University, Muscat, Sultanate of Oman)
Bader Al‐Shandoudi (Department of Civil and Architectural Engineering, Sultan Qaboos University, Muscat, Sultanate of Oman)
Yahia Al‐Suleimani (Department of Civil and Architectural Engineering, Sultan Qaboos University, Muscat, Sultanate of Oman)

Management of Environmental Quality

ISSN: 1477-7835

Publication date: 1 December 2005

Abstract

Purpose

To investigate the effect of cement and cement by‐pass dust (CBPD) as a stabilizer on the geotechnical properties of oil‐contaminated soils resulting from leaking underground storage tanks, or soils surrounding petroleum refineries and crude oil wells.

Design/methodology/approach

Oil‐contaminated soil (untreated soil) and a soil treated by bio‐remediation (treated soil) as well as a natural soil were obtained from Northern Oman. These soils were stabilized with cement and cement by‐pass dust at 0, 5, 10, 15 and 20 percent, by dry weight of the soil, and cured for seven, 14 and 28 days. Compaction, compressive strength, direct shear, permeability and leaching tests were carried out on the stabilized soils.

Findings

The results indicate that cement and cement by‐pass dust improve the properties of oil‐contaminated soils. Traces of arsenic, barium, cadmium, chromium and lead were found in the oil soils, but none of them exceeded the EPA limits.

Practical implications

Reuse in construction applications provides a safe and useful solution for the problem of the disposal of oil‐contaminated soils.

Originality/value

The paper addresses an environmental problem facing many oil companies in disposing of or treating contaminated soil. The approach presented in the paper offers a beneficial, safe and economical solution to this problem.

Keywords

Citation

Al‐Rawas, A., Hassan, H., Taha, R., Hago, A., Al‐Shandoudi, B. and Al‐Suleimani, Y. (2005), "Stabilization of oil‐contaminated soils using cement and cement by‐pass dust", Management of Environmental Quality, Vol. 16 No. 6, pp. 670-680. https://doi.org/10.1108/14777830510623736

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Publisher

:

Emerald Group Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2005, Emerald Group Publishing Limited

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