Chemical agents incineration exhaust fallout and effects

Miah M. Adel (Interdisciplinary Sciences Research Center, Department of Chemistry & Physics, University of Arkansas at Pine Bluff, Pine Bluff, Arkansas, USA)

Management of Environmental Quality

ISSN: 1477-7835

Publication date: 1 December 2004

Abstract

Incineration strengths of hazardous (2.8×108μg/s) and nonhazardous (6.31×108μg/s) materials were found from the quantities to be incinerated, chemical formulas, and the incineration time. The smoke stack geometry, exhaust dynamics, and different atmospheric stability conditions were used in the Gaussian model to predict the maximum concentration distances of 0.5 to about 6 km at the ground level in the downwind direction. However, trailing edges of some of exhaust distributions were found to extend beyond 120 km under some atmospheric stability conditions. The counties of Jefferson, Lonoke, Pulaski, Dallas, Cleveland, Calhoun, and Grant in the state of Arkansas are more likely to be affected than others. The possible major products in the hazardous incineration exhaust are chlorinated compounds. The results of this study are important to know the areas that fall under comparatively higher concentrations of incineration exhaust for further observations because of its inherent impact upon living beings, crop production, and environmental conditions.

Keywords

Citation

Adel, M. (2004), "Chemical agents incineration exhaust fallout and effects", Management of Environmental Quality, Vol. 15 No. 6, pp. 629-655. https://doi.org/10.1108/14777830410560719

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Publisher

:

Emerald Group Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2004, Emerald Group Publishing Limited

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