Asymmetric long memory volatility in the PIIGS economies

Dilip Kumar (Institute for Financial Management and Research, Chennai, India)
S. Maheswaran (Centre for Advanced Financial Studies, Institute for Financial Management and Research, Chennai, India)

Review of Accounting and Finance

ISSN: 1475-7702

Publication date: 15 February 2013



The main purpose of this paper is to examine the asymmetry and long memory properties in the volatility of the stock indices of the PIIGS economies (Portugal, Ireland, Italy, Greece and Spain).


The paper utilizes the wavelets approach (based on Haar, Daubechies‐4, Daubechies‐12 and Daubechies‐20 wavelets) and the GARCH class of models (namely, ARFIMA (p,d′,q)‐GARCH (1,1), IGARCH (1,1), FIGARCH (1,d,0), FIGARCH (1,d,1), EGARCH (1,1) and FIEGARCH (1,d,1)) to accomplish the desired goals.


The findings provide evidence in support of the presence of long range dependence in the various proxies of volatility of the PIIGS economies. The results from the wavelet approach also support the Taylor effect in the volatility proxies. The results show that ARFIMA (p,d′,q)‐FIGARCH (1,d,0) model specification is better able to capture the long memory property of conditional volatility than the conventional GARCH and IGARCH models. In addition, the ARFIMA (p,d′,q)‐FIEGARCH (1,d,1) model is better able to capture the asymmetric long memory feature in the conditional volatility.


This paper has both methodological and empirical originality. On the methodological side, the study applies the wavelet technique on the major proxies of volatility (squared returns, absolute returns, logarithm squared returns and the range) because the wavelet‐based estimator exhibits superior properties in modeling the behavior of the volatility of stock returns. On the empirical side, the paper finds asymmetry and long range dependence in the conditional volatility of the stock returns in PIIGS economies using the GARCH family of models.



Kumar, D. and Maheswaran, S. (2013), "Asymmetric long memory volatility in the PIIGS economies", Review of Accounting and Finance, Vol. 12 No. 1, pp. 23-43.

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