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Performance measurement for accountability in corporate governance : A data envelopment analysis approach

Ehsan H. Feroz (Milgard School of Business, University of Washington, Tacoma, Washington, USA)
Sanjay Goel (School of Business and Economics, University of Minnesota‐Duluth, Duluth, Minnesota, USA)
Raymond L. Raab (School of Business and Economics, University of Minnesota‐Duluth, Duluth, Minnesota, USA)

Review of Accounting and Finance

ISSN: 1475-7702

Article publication date: 16 May 2008

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to show the applicability of data envelopment analysis (DEA) in arriving at an unbiased account of relative performance in a set of companies, using the pharmaceutical industry as an example.

Design/methodology/approach

A DEA‐based income efficiency measure of business performance for the pharmaceutical industry is computed. The pharmaceutical industry, which includes many multinational corporations with complex governance problems, and the strategies that allowed firm efficiency rankings to change over time, over ten recent years, are analyzed.

Findings

The analyses indicate that the inclines and declines in DEA efficiency rankings are related to the strategic choices made by the upper management.

Research limitations/implications

The paper attempted to trace firm behavior post hoc to validate the DEA rankings. All relevant firm behavior may not have been captured; the paper only attempted to capture behavior reported in the respectable business press, which may introduce a bias.

Practical implications

The approach may be ideal to evaluate strategic managers (CEOs, general managers, and presidents) by board of directors, since it relates multiple performance indices to a meta‐measure of performance. Another group of beneficiaries include sector financial analysts. The approach adds a new dimension to sector analysis, to compare specific industries and identify the relative rankings of firms on multiple performance indices.

Originality/value

The paper demonstrates the usefulness of DEA in performance governance measurement by applying it to the pharmaceuticals industry.

Keywords

Citation

Feroz, E.H., Goel, S. and Raab, R.L. (2008), "Performance measurement for accountability in corporate governance : A data envelopment analysis approach", Review of Accounting and Finance, Vol. 7 No. 2, pp. 121-130. https://doi.org/10.1108/14757700810874100

Publisher

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Emerald Group Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2008, Emerald Group Publishing Limited