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How relevant is corporate governance and corporate social responsibility in emerging markets?

Sanjay Peters (Center for Emerging Markets, IESE Business School, University of Navarra, Barcelona, Spain)
Mariah Miller (Pensions Investment Research Consultants Ltd, London, UK)
Sophia Kusyk (IESE Business School, University of Navarra, Barcelona, Spain)

Corporate Governance

ISSN: 1472-0701

Article publication date: 9 August 2011

Abstract

Purpose

The principal aim of this research is to provide an in‐depth analysis of existing practices of corporate governance in mature markets and to compare and contrast these approaches with CG and CSR practices in emerging markets, given the growing influence of EMs on the global economy.

Design/methodology/approach

The methodology employed in the study is to survey the main theoretical approaches for understanding and CG in relation to mature markets and EMs.

Findings

The paper makes a small but important contribution to theory building by modifying and expanding the conceptual framework put forward by Weimer, Pape, Gedjlovic, and Shapiro to make a distinction between systems of corporate governance and particularly the “taxonomy of systems of corporate governance”. This is achieved by identifying an additional set of key variables specifically relevant to EMs as a group of countries. The main finding of the paper is that there is no comprehensive, “one size fits all” global corporate governance or CSR system, based on western codes and regulations that can be implemented in emerging markets.

Originality/value

It is proposed that alternative corporate governance systems that reflect the institutional realities of emerging economy settings must be taken into account. The recognition of such alternative standards and codes in the way businesses are organized is original and valuable in practical as well as in social terms for both western investors and EMs. The paper is heretic in that it questions conventional wisdom, which views the OECD‐prescribed best governance practices as applicable to EMs.

Keywords

Citation

Peters, S., Miller, M. and Kusyk, S. (2011), "How relevant is corporate governance and corporate social responsibility in emerging markets?", Corporate Governance, Vol. 11 No. 4, pp. 429-445. https://doi.org/10.1108/14720701111159262

Publisher

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Emerald Group Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2011, Emerald Group Publishing Limited