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Board composition, CEO duality and performance among Malaysian listed companies

Shamsul Nahar Abdullah (Associate Professor in the Faculty of Accountancy, Universiti Utara Malaysia, Sintok, Malaysia. Tel: +6 04 928 5266, Fax: +6 04 928 5762, E‐mail:

Corporate Governance

ISSN: 1472-0701

Article publication date: 1 December 2004



This study investigates the roles of board independence and CEO duality on a firm’s performance relying on financial ratios, namely ROA, ROE, EPS and profit margin. This paper argues that if boards and leadership structure are well in place and conform to the practices in other developed countries, the long‐term shareholder value is expected to increase and shareholder interests are also well protected. To test the roles of board independence and CEO duality, data from the KLSE Main Board companies for the 1994‐1996 financial years were used. The 1994‐1996 financial years were chosen because, during this period, the issue of corporate governance in Malaysia was not as prominent as it was during, and after, the 1997/1998 financial crisis. Thus, this period could be considered as the period during which guidelines on the structure of the board of directors were not yet available in Malaysia. The findings, generally, suggest that neither board independence, leadership structure nor the joint effects of these two showed any relations with firm performance. Findings of this study, nonetheless, showed that Malaysian companies’ boards were generally dominated by outside directors and the majority of the companies in the study practiced non‐dual leadership structures. Thus, this evidence suggests that the structure of the boards of directors in Malaysia is largely independent of management and the absence of any dominant personality.



Nahar Abdullah, S. (2004), "Board composition, CEO duality and performance among Malaysian listed companies", Corporate Governance, Vol. 4 No. 4, pp. 47-61.



Emerald Group Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2004, Emerald Group Publishing Limited

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