Facing the future: energy performance certificates and commercial property

Tim Dixon (Oxford Institute for Sustainable Development, Oxford, UK)
Miles Keeping (King Sturge LLP, London, UK)
Claire Roberts (Oxford Institute for Sustainable Development, Oxford, UK)

Journal of Property Investment & Finance

ISSN: 1463-578X

Publication date: 8 February 2008



The paper aims to present the findings of a “situation review” of the Energy Performance of Buildings Directive (EPBD), focusing on energy performance certificates (EPCs) to highlight areas of specific importance for the UK property investment community. The paper is based on research commissioned by the Investment Property Forum (IPF) and funded through the IPF Research Programme (2006‐2009).


Interviews were undertaken with experts from the fields of property investment and building engineering. The interviews were undertaken with to identify: the current knowledge of EPCs in the property investment sector; key issues with practical implementation of the legislation; and perceptions of the potential impacts of legislation, particularly in relation to value stakeholder and behaviour.


The paper finds that, although the regulations have been published, there is still a need for clarification in the marketplace with regard to some of the detail of regulations and the certification process. The following areas are of most concern to property investors: costs of surveys; potential difficulties with the process; and a shortage of assessors. With respect to these impacts it is becoming clear that investors who have not yet started considering the EPBD and its requirements within their strategy are likely to face difficulties in the short term. The most significant value‐related impacts of EPBD are expected to be value differentiation of properties and “price chipping” against the rental or capital value of the property, where an occupier or potential purchaser will use the recommendations contained within an EPC to force a reduction in value. The latter is expected to emerge in the short term, whereas the former is expected to be realised over the medium to long term. Both these impacts have potentially significant implications for property investment holdings and also future investment behaviour.


The paper provides useful information the importance of EPCs.



Dixon, T., Keeping, M. and Roberts, C. (2008), "Facing the future: energy performance certificates and commercial property", Journal of Property Investment & Finance, Vol. 26 No. 1, pp. 96-100. https://doi.org/10.1108/14635780810845181

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