The role of resources: micro‐firms internationalization in the French context

Philippe Hermel (LAREQUOI, Management Research Center, University of Versailles Saint‐Quentin, Guyancourt, France and Georgetown University, Washington, DC, USA)
Imane Khayat (LAREQUOI, Management Research Center, University of Versailles Saint‐Quentin, Guyancourt, France and Wittenberg University, Springfield, Ohio, USA)

Journal of Small Business and Enterprise Development

ISSN: 1462-6004

Publication date: 17 May 2011

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to identify and analyze resources and capabilities that distinguish between traditional, slow born‐global and rapid born‐global micro‐firms.

Design/methodology/approach

The study uses multiple case study methodology. Three case studies are presented to compare the internationalization pathways of three French micro‐firms.

Findings

The paper emphasizes the importance of leveraging between internal and external resources for rapid internationalization of micro‐firms. The rapid internationalization is driving and facilitated by managerial abilities, innovation and network. The study shows that analysis of micro‐firms in terms of resources and capabilities enhances the understanding of internationalization.

Research limitations/implications

Because it is limited to three case studies, the generalization of findings to a broad sample of French micro‐firms will be needed.

Practical implications

The research suggests that two‐level analysis (i.e. individual level and micro‐firm level) should be considered when examining rapid internationalization. Micro‐firm top managers need to be aware of the importance of developing internal resources to facilitate incorporation of new external resources. Their experience and expertise in addition to the micro‐firm's innovation capacity or reputation can be used to expand rapidly abroad.

Originality/value

The distinction between traditional, slow born‐global and rapid born‐global French micro‐firms in terms of resources and capabilities makes this study original.

Keywords

Citation

Hermel, P. and Khayat, I. (2011), "The role of resources: micro‐firms internationalization in the French context", Journal of Small Business and Enterprise Development, Vol. 18 No. 2, pp. 298-310. https://doi.org/10.1108/14626001111127089

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Publisher

:

Emerald Group Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2011, Emerald Group Publishing Limited

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