The entrepreneur in the Born Global firm in Australia and Sweden

Svante Andersson (School of Business and Engineering, Halmstad University, Halmstad, Sweden)
Felicitas Evangelista (School of Marketing and International Business, University of Western Sydney, Sydney, Australia)

Journal of Small Business and Enterprise Development

ISSN: 1462-6004

Publication date: 1 October 2006



The purpose of this research is to identify and analyse the common characteristics and behaviour of entrepreneurs that affect the establishment of Born Global firms. The differences between the Australian and Swedish contexts will be scrutinized.


This study was designed to be qualitative in nature so that rich insights can be obtained directly from the entrepreneurs themselves. The sample consists of three Born Global firms each from Australia and Sweden.


This study shows the importance of entrepreneurs for the rapid internationalization of firms in Australia and Sweden. Different types of entrepreneurs were identified and small but important differences were identified between the two countries and different industries.

Research limitations/implications

This study shows that analysis on an individual level enhances the understanding of internationalisation in new firms. By using the concept marketing and technical entrepreneur in different industrial contexts a more detailed understanding of different internationalization patterns can be obtained. This study is limited to two countries and six case studies. The findings may be limited to the chosen firms and studies across more countries and industries are needed.

Practical implications

This study shows that the entrepreneur should be in focus when analysing new firms' possibilities to expand abroad. Entrepreneurs can use their international experience, visions, ambitions and networks as crucial competencies in an international expansion. Different types of entrepreneurs can use different international strategies.


The focus and detailed analysis on the individual level across different countries make this study original.



Andersson, S. and Evangelista, F. (2006), "The entrepreneur in the Born Global firm in Australia and Sweden", Journal of Small Business and Enterprise Development, Vol. 13 No. 4, pp. 642-659.

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Copyright © 2006, Emerald Group Publishing Limited

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