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The environment for female entrepreneurship in Germany

Friederike Welter (Deputy Head Division, Entrepreneurship and Enterprise Development Rhine‐Westphalia Institute for Economic Research, Essen, Germany)

Journal of Small Business and Enterprise Development

ISSN: 1462-6004

Article publication date: 1 June 2004



The German government only recently started paying attention to the topic of female entrepreneurship as an important means to raise the overall level of entrepreneurship. Most relevant support policies concentrate on extending and stabilising the financial base of new female‐owned ventures. Relevant consultancy appears to play a less important role, although there has been a shift towards integrated packages in recent years. However, access to mainstream support is implicitly gender biased. Moreover, an integrated strategy for fostering female entrepreneurship also needs to consider that there are shortcomings in the institutional (political and societal) environment, possibly restricting women's interest in entrepreneurship and thus determining the extent of female entrepreneurship.



Welter, F. (2004), "The environment for female entrepreneurship in Germany", Journal of Small Business and Enterprise Development, Vol. 11 No. 2, pp. 212-221.



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Copyright © 2004, Emerald Group Publishing Limited

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