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An experience‐based view of co‐opetition in R&D networks

Francesco Schiavone (Department of Business Studies, Faculty of Economics, University Parthenope, Naples, Italy)
and
Michele Simoni (Department of Business Studies, Faculty of Economics, University Parthenope, Naples, Italy)

European Journal of Innovation Management

ISSN: 1460-1060

Article publication date: 26 April 2011

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to explore the relationship between prior experience of organisations and their “co‐opetitive” behaviours in forming research networks when a R&D programme is launched in order to fund future research projects.

Design/methodology/approach

Drawing on both resource‐based writings and social embeddedness studies, the paper posits that two types of co‐opetition – namely the intra‐network and inter‐network co‐opetition – should be clearly distinguished in order to understand co‐opetitive behaviours of organisations. These two types of co‐opetition arise as a consequence of the different levels of firms' prior experience in forming successful co‐opetitive networks with their competitors.

Findings

A reverse U‐shape trade‐off between the two types of co‐opetition is hypothesised: the maximum level of intra‐network co‐opetition and the lowest of inter‐network co‐opetition are expected for low and highlevels of prior experience; the minimum level of intra‐network co‐opetition and the highest of inter‐network co‐opetition are expected for moderate levels of prior experience.

Originality/value

This paper sheds light on how co‐opetitive relationships emerge in R&D networks and under which circumstances competition prevails on cooperation.

Keywords

Citation

Schiavone, F. and Simoni, M. (2011), "An experience‐based view of co‐opetition in R&D networks", European Journal of Innovation Management, Vol. 14 No. 2, pp. 136-154. https://doi.org/10.1108/14601061111124867

Publisher

:

Emerald Group Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2011, Emerald Group Publishing Limited