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Leading for innovation through symbiosis

Amar Dev Amar (Professor of Management at the School of Business, Seton Hall University, South Orange, New Jersey, USA)

European Journal of Innovation Management

ISSN: 1460-1060

Article publication date: 1 September 2001



Based on the experiences with various organizations, this article summarized how managers should lead their innovation employees for most effectiveness. The main thesis is that innovation employees give higher performance when their managers practice symbiotic leadership style. The article describes how managers can achieve this. Four characteristics that they can apply to guide their leadership style to create a work symbiosis are given. Another contribution of this article is a set of recommendations to mimic the aspects of symbiotic leadership applicable in any organization where the operating environment is uncertain, the task is unstructured, and the manager cannot provide a clear direction to his employees. Through the practice of these recommendations, managers of all types of organizations should get higher productivity from their employees due to the employees’ individual innovations.



Dev Amar, A. (2001), "Leading for innovation through symbiosis", European Journal of Innovation Management, Vol. 4 No. 3, pp. 126-133.




Copyright © 2001, MCB UP Limited

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