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Dynamics of foreign earnings, assistance and debt servicing in Bangladesh

M. Wasiqur Rahman Khan (Department of Economics and Social Sciences, BRAC University, Dhaka, Bangladesh)
Haydory Akbar Ahmed (Department of Economics and Social Sciences, BRAC University, Dhaka, Bangladesh)

International Journal of Development Issues

ISSN: 1446-8956

Article publication date: 6 April 2012

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to examine the dynamics between real gross domestic product (GDP), foreign earnings, development assistance and debt servicing in Bangladesh, 1973‐2008, with the incorporation of a structural break after 1990.

Design/methodology/approach

A vector autoregression (VAR) framework using annual data from 1973‐2008 was used to examine the dynamics among the above mentioned variables, with the incorporation of a structural break after 1990. This was followed by innovation accounting and testing for Granger causality.

Findings

It was found that the structural break is significant and all the macro‐variables exhibit trend stationarity. Innovation accounting suggests that the debt servicing capacity of Bangladesh is enhanced by an improvement in foreign earnings, an outcome which is reinforced by Granger causality tests.

Research limitations/implications

A bigger sample size, consisting of quarterly observations is desirable.

Practical implications

These results suggest that an increase in foreign earnings implies an improvement in the capacity to service overseas debt. Thus, from a policy perspective, it is recommended that steps be taken to diversify the sources of foreign earnings. The analysis affirms that there is a causal link between injections, represented by foreign earnings and overseas development assistance and leakages, represented by debt servicing. Such affirmation is certain to be an important input in macroeconomic policy formulation.

Originality/value

The dynamics between real GDP, foreign earnings, development assistance and debt servicing in Bangladesh have been empirically examined using recent developments in time‐series econometrics.

Keywords

Citation

Wasiqur Rahman Khan, M. and Akbar Ahmed, H. (2012), "Dynamics of foreign earnings, assistance and debt servicing in Bangladesh", International Journal of Development Issues, Vol. 11 No. 1, pp. 74-84. https://doi.org/10.1108/14468951211213877

Publisher

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Emerald Group Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2012, Emerald Group Publishing Limited