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Construction of intellectual capital – the case of purchase analysis

Daniel Brännström (Department of Business Studies, Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden)
Bino Catasús (School of Business, Stockholm University, Stockholm, Sweden)
Marco Giuliani (Department of Management, School of Economics, University of the Marche, Ancona, Italy)
Jan‐Erik Gröjer (Department of Business Studies, Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden)

Journal of Human Resource Costing & Accounting

ISSN: 1401-338X

Article publication date: 23 February 2009

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Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is seek to analyze how models emanating from the managerial discourse of intellectual capital (IC) relate to how firms disclose IC in accordance with International Financial Reporting Standards Business Combinations (IFRS3) in financial statements.

Design/methodology/approach

A qualitative and quantitative analysis of the purchase analyses disclosed by Swedish listed companies in their financial statements during the first year of application of IFRS3 is conducted.

Findings

Five main findings result from this investigation. First, the relevance of IC in business combination is confirmed. Second, only a few intangibles are specifically identified and most of them are included within goodwill. Third, a large variety of labels are used when disclosing intangibles. Fourth, synergies represent the most frequent explanation of the goodwill generated by the business combination. Finally, the models examined for guiding firms' reporting on intangibles in the annual report need to be further developed.

Originality/value

The research is an investigation of the first year of application of a new accounting principle which underlies the analysis of intangibles and which represent an opportunity to concretely apply the otherwise mainly theoretical studies carried out by the IC community.

Keywords

Citation

Brännström, D., Catasús, B., Giuliani, M. and Gröjer, J. (2009), "Construction of intellectual capital – the case of purchase analysis", Journal of Human Resource Costing & Accounting, Vol. 13 No. 1, pp. 61-76. https://doi.org/10.1108/14013380910948090

Publisher

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Emerald Group Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2009, Emerald Group Publishing Limited