The knowledge retrieval matrix: codification and personification as separate strategies

Jens Gammelgaard (Assistant Professor at the, Department of International Economics and Management, Copenhagen Business School, Frederiksberg, Denmark.)
Thomas Ritter (Associate Professor, at the, Department of International Economics and Management, Copenhagen Business School, Frederiksberg, Denmark.)

Journal of Knowledge Management

ISSN: 1367-3270

Publication date: 1 August 2005

Abstract

Purpose

Proposes that multinational companies (MNCs) establish virtual communities of practice, i.e. intranet‐based collaborative forums, and thereby benefit from a combination of codification and personification strategies in order to solve knowledge retrieval problems for the knowledge worker.

Design/methodology/approach

Based on an overview of the problems related to retrieval (i.e. individual decoding and interpretation of knowledge), a literature review on individual memory, databases, social capital and virtual communities of practice reveals a knowledge retrieval means matrix, paying respect to retrieval processes.

Findings

Virtual communities of practice are suggested as a strategy for internationally‐operating corporations that cannot develop regular face‐to‐face contact between employees, but still need some degree of personification for efficient knowledge transfers.

Research limitations/implications

Being a conceptual paper, quantitative/qualitative integration will enrich the debate further. Also, the very narrow focus on firms' information systems excludes important aspects such as knowledge creation, transfer stickiness, and application of retrieved knowledge.

Practical implications

The knowledge retrieval means matrix is a useful instrument for managers to map and further develop their organizations for better utilization of the organizational memory.

Originality/value

The combined tripartition of virtual communities, the combination of codification and personalization, and knowledge retrieval is, to the best of the authors' knowledge, presented for the first time.

Keywords

Citation

Gammelgaard, J. and Ritter, T. (2005), "The knowledge retrieval matrix: codification and personification as separate strategies", Journal of Knowledge Management, Vol. 9 No. 4, pp. 133-143. https://doi.org/10.1108/13673270510610387

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Publisher

:

Emerald Group Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2005, Emerald Group Publishing Limited

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