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Ba for knowledge cities: a futuristic technology model

Muhammad Naveed Baqir (Assistant Professor and is currently on study leave from University of Management and Technology in Pakistan. He is pursuing a degree in technology management from the School of Technology at Eastern Illinois University, Charleston, IL, USA (
Yunus Kathawala (Professor in Lumpkin College of Business at Eastern Illinois University, Charleston, IL, USA (

Journal of Knowledge Management

ISSN: 1367-3270

Article publication date: 1 October 2004



Aims to develop a knowledge city model by constructing knowledge homes using futuristic technology building blocks that can help in implementing the concept of virtual Ba to share, manage, and create knowledge. A variety of research organizations and forums are researching new technologies for better connectivity, contactivity, and computational power to manage knowledge. In this paper, a knowledge city model has been developed based upon five important technological components leading to knowledge sharing/creation for knowledgeable citizens. The model also sheds light on how it may cater to the educational, socio‐cultural, business and governmental needs of knowledge cities. Amalgamation of different technologies is indispensable to managing the knowledge of a learning organization. This type of technology integration leads to increasing amounts of data, and intensifies the pressure of information overload upon knowledge workers. The growing network usage also upsets network models, putting remarkable pressure on bandwidth requirements and network management. The technologies used to build a knowledge city address these issues by developing a smart knowledge network. This is not an exhaustive review of various technologies used to construct a knowledge city model, but it is a useful resource for knowledge managers, technology managers, and planners who are interested in exploring promising technologies to manage knowledge. This paper combines the latest technologies to build a knowledge home that is aimed towards implementing Ba in a knowledge city. The paper also introduces the concept of virtual Ba by unifying the traditional Ba and knowledge management technologies.



Naveed Baqir, M. and Kathawala, Y. (2004), "Ba for knowledge cities: a futuristic technology model", Journal of Knowledge Management, Vol. 8 No. 5, pp. 83-95.



Emerald Group Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2004, Emerald Group Publishing Limited

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