Organizational justice and organizational commitment among South Korean police officers

Matthew S. Crow (School of Justice Studies and Social Work, University of West Florida, Pensacola, Florida, USA)
Chang‐Bae Lee (Department of Police Science, College of Social Sciences, University of Ulsan, Ulsan, South Korea,)
Jae‐Jin Joo (Department of Police, Law, and Public Administration, Honam University, Gwangju, Republic of Korea)

Policing: An International Journal

ISSN: 1363-951X

Publication date: 25 May 2012

Abstract

Purpose

In spite of the importance of officers' perception of organizational justice and its influence on organizational commitment, the policing literature lacks information about the relationship between the factors. Using job satisfaction as a mediator, this study aims to examine an indirect influence of organizational justice on police officers' commitment to their organization.

Design/methodology/approach

This study employed a survey of 418 police officers in South Korea while on in‐service training. In exploring the complex relationship among organizational justice (i.e. distributive, procedural, and interactional), job satisfaction, and organizational commitment, the researchers utilized structural equation modeling to overcome the weaknesses of linear regression models.

Findings

Officers' perception of organizational justice was positively related with their level of organizational commitment. In addition, perception of procedural and interactional justice had an indirect impact on the officers' organizational commitment through distributive justice. Lastly, perception of organizational justice showed an indirect influence on organizational commitment through job satisfaction.

Research limitations/implications

Due to its cross‐sectional design, the findings do not confirm any causal relationship among the variables. In addition, the current study used a purposive sample of police officers in South Korea, which may limit the generalizability of the findings.

Originality/value

This study contributes to the literature by examining organizational commitment in light of officers' perception of organizational justice and job satisfaction using structural equation modeling to explore the complex relationship among the organizational factors.

Keywords

Citation

Crow, M., Lee, C. and Joo, J. (2012), "Organizational justice and organizational commitment among South Korean police officers", Policing: An International Journal, Vol. 35 No. 2, pp. 402-423. https://doi.org/10.1108/13639511211230156

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Publisher

:

Emerald Group Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2012, Emerald Group Publishing Limited

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