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Beyond “flavor of the month” Institutionalizing problem‐oriented policing (POP) in the CMPD

Trent Eric Ikerd (Department of Government and Justice Studies, Appalachian State University, Boone, North Carolina, USA)

Policing: An International Journal

ISSN: 1363-951X

Article publication date: 9 March 2010



The process of institutionalizing police reform has been relatively ignored in the policing literature. Owing to this, there is no established framework for institutionalizing police reform. This article seeks to add to the knowledge regarding the institutionalization of police reform by presenting the results from a study that examined the institutionalization of problem‐oriented policing (POP) in the CMPD.


The research was guided by the limited amount of organizational change in policing research and the limited amount of organizational development literature pertaining to institutionalization. The research utilized captain interviews and rank‐and‐file surveys to determine officer knowledge, behaviors, and attitudes towards POP in the CMPD. The CMPD's policies, procedures, and practices pertaining to POP were also outlined.


It was found that POP has become institutionalized in the CMPD. POP principles are evident in the captain's culture, rank‐and‐file's culture, and the policy and procedure of the CMPD.

Practical implications

The study puts forth a framework for assessing and institutionalizing police reform that other departments can test and utilize in their efforts to institutionalize police reform.


The paper is one of the first to examine the institutionalization process of police reform. A framework is put forth to assess and aid in other police departments' efforts to institutionalize police reforms.



Eric Ikerd, T. (2010), "Beyond “flavor of the month” Institutionalizing problem‐oriented policing (POP) in the CMPD", Policing: An International Journal, Vol. 33 No. 1, pp. 179-202.



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