The paper seeks to document attitudes and patterns of behavior in Pakistan's criminal justice system over the past 30 years.
A conceptual discussion and approach are taken following extensive interviews, conducted in 1992‐1993, with members of the police, judges, civil service bureaucrats, torture victims, psychiatrists, political detainees, criminal lawyers and others.
The patterns of behavior are longstanding and deeply rooted despite periodical changes in political leadership. Cynicism about law enforcement is widespread throughout the country and much crime goes unreported as a result. There is a lack of faith and support for police officials and legal safeguards for criminal suspects are often ignored.
The conditions in Pakistan's criminal justice system are explained theoretically with reference to the concept of hegemony in Pakistan's prevailing political culture.
Mohammad, F. and Conway, P. (2005), "Political culture, hegemony, and inequality before the law: law enforcement in Pakistan", Policing: An International Journal, Vol. 28 No. 4, pp. 631-641. https://doi.org/10.1108/13639510510628712Download as .RIS
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