Applying empowerment? A reply in the form of a corrective

David Collins (School of Management, UEA, Norwich, UK)

Career Development International

ISSN: 1362-0436

Publication date: 1 April 1998


This paper is written as a reply to the paper “Applying empowerment: organizational model” written by Baruch. The paper argues that Baruch’s account of empowerment, in spite of its attempts to educate managers actually works to obscure understanding. Mounting a challenge to Baruch a three‐fold critique is developed. Examining the treatment of history, process and context in Baruch’s work, this paper concludes that Baruch’s analysis lacks, rejects or mis‐reads a range of contextual and conceptual issues which should be of central importance.



Collins, D. (1998), "Applying empowerment? A reply in the form of a corrective", Career Development International, Vol. 3 No. 2, pp. 88-92.

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Copyright © 1998, MCB UP Limited

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