Expatriate failure: time to abandon the concept?

Anne‐Wil Harzing (The University of Melbourne, Parkville, Australia)
Claus Christensen (CC Consult, Copenhagen, Denmark)

Career Development International

ISSN: 1362-0436

Publication date: 1 December 2004


This article reviews the established understanding of the concept of expatriate failure, discusses its associated problems and presents a more sophisticated and comprehensive understanding of the concept. The article argues that it might well be time to abandon the concept of expatriate failure altogether and instead draw on the general human resource literature to analyse problems related to turnover and performance management in an expatriate context..



Harzing, A. and Christensen, C. (2004), "Expatriate failure: time to abandon the concept?", Career Development International, Vol. 9 No. 7, pp. 616-626. https://doi.org/10.1108/13620430410570329

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Copyright © 2004, Emerald Group Publishing Limited

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