This paper examines earlier and more recent patterns of restructuring that have occurred as a consequence of import penetration. It focuses upon work reorganization, job losses and changes in the retail‐manufacturer relationships and how these trends differ in key European countries. Finally, it asks questions about future trends, both in employment (and the changing nature of jobs) as well as government policies towards the politics of trade.
Taplin, I.M. and Winterton, J. (2004), "The European clothing industry: Meeting the competitive challenge", Journal of Fashion Marketing and Management, Vol. 8 No. 3, pp. 256-261. https://doi.org/10.1108/13612020410547789
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