Polymer‐metal nano‐composite films for thermal management

Björn Carlberg (Department of Microtechnology and Nanoscience, Sino‐Swedish Microsystem Integration Technology Center, Chalmers University of Technology, Göteborg, Sweden)
Teng Wang (Department of Microtechnology and Nanoscience, Sino‐Swedish Microsystem Integration Technology Center, Chalmers University of Technology, Göteborg, Sweden)
Johan Liu (Department of Microtechnology and Nanoscience, Sino‐Swedish Microsystem Integration Technology Center, Chalmers University of Technology, Göteborg, Sweden Department of Microtechnology and Nanoscience, Sino‐Swedish Microsystem Integration Technology Center, Chalmers University of Technology, Göteborg, Sweden)
Dongkai Shangguan (Department of Microtechnology and Nanoscience, Sino‐Swedish Microsystem Integration Technology Center, Chalmers University of Technology, Göteborg, Sweden)

Microelectronics International

ISSN: 1356-5362

Publication date: 8 May 2009

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to present a novel nanostructured polymer‐metal composite film providing continuous all‐metal thermally conductive pathways, intended to meet future performance requirements on thermal interface materials (TIMs) in microelectronics packaging applications.

Design/methodology/approach

Porous polymer structures with a thickness of approximately 100 μm were manufactured using electrospinning technology. Pressure‐assisted infiltration of low‐melting temperature alloy into the porous polymeric carrier resulted in the final composite film. Thermal performance was evaluated using an accurate and improved implementation of the ASTM D5470 standard in combination with an Instron 5548 MicroTester. Finally, a brief comparative study using three current state‐of‐the‐art commercial TIMs were carried out for reference purposes.

Findings

Composite films with continuous all‐metal thermally conductive pathways from surface to surface were successfully fabricated. Thermal resistances down to 8.5 K mm2 W−1 at 70 μm bond‐line thickness were observed, corresponding to an effective thermal conductivity of 8 W m−1 K−1, at moderate assembly pressures (200‐800 kPa), more than twice the effective thermal conductivity of the commercial reference materials evaluated.

Originality/value

A unique high‐performance nanostructured polymer‐metal composite film for TIM applications with the potential to meet the microelectronics industry's future demands on thermal performance and cost efficiency is presented.

Keywords

Citation

Carlberg, B., Wang, T., Liu, J. and Shangguan, D. (2009), "Polymer‐metal nano‐composite films for thermal management", Microelectronics International, Vol. 26 No. 2, pp. 28-36. https://doi.org/10.1108/13565360910960213

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Publisher

:

Emerald Group Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2009, Emerald Group Publishing Limited

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