Previous crisis communication research has primarily examined the external dimension of crisis communication, i.e. the crisis response strategies applied by organizations to protect and/or restore their image or reputation among external stakeholders in a crisis situation. The purpose of this paper is to set up an integrative framework for the study of internal crisis communication in private and public organizations.
The paper takes a theoretical approach reviewing the literature on crisis management and crisis communication and discussing the concept of internal stakeholder and the implications of a staged approach.
An integrative framework for the study of internal crisis communication is developed based on two assumptions: first, that internal crisis communication research must start with a detailed study of the relationship between an organization and its internal stakeholders (in this case: the employees) to clarify to what extent internal crisis communication differs from external crisis communication; and second, that internal crisis communication research can best be systematized applying a staged approach (precrisis stage, crisis event, postcrisis stage) as an heuristic method.
Apart from a few exceptions, the internal dimension of crises, crisis management, and crisis communication has, by and large, been unexplored.
Frandsen, F. and Johansen, W. (2011), "The study of internal crisis communication: towards an integrative framework", Corporate Communications: An International Journal, Vol. 16 No. 4, pp. 347-361. https://doi.org/10.1108/13563281111186977
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