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The entrepreneurial role of organisational members in the internationalisation of a franchise system

Levent Altinay (Department of Hospitality, Leisure and Tourism Management, Oxford Brookes University Business School, Oxford, UK)
Angela Roper (Department of Hospitality, Leisure and Tourism Management, Oxford Brookes University Business School, Oxford, UK)

International Journal of Entrepreneurial Behavior & Research

ISSN: 1355-2554

Article publication date: 1 June 2005

Abstract

Purpose

To discuss the entrepreneurial role and importance of organisational members in implementing franchising decisions internationally.

Design/methodology/approach

A single embedded case study of an international hotel firm was the focus of the enquiry. Interviews, observations and document analysis were used as the data collection techniques.

Findings

Findings suggest that Development Directors, as the organisational members in host country markets, display many characteristics of entrepreneurial salespeople in the process of selling the franchise system. However, they face organisational obstacles which mean that they cannot fully exploit their entrepreneurial effort. The paper concludes by suggesting that it is Development Directors, as opposed to senior decision makers, who possess an international orientation and are therefore crucial to the internationalisation process of the firm. In addition, there is an indication that there is a relationship between entrepreneurial efforts within sales and the performance of a firm.

Research limitations/implications

The hotel industry has been chosen as the focus of the study, and the comparability with other industries is therefore questionable. Although the research findings have not indicated any substantial differences in terms of the international management of the hotel firms and other types of organisations, the findings of this research cannot be generalised.

Practical implications

This paper both illuminates the challenges franchise organisations face internationally and highlights the options that companies may consider as part of their growth strategies.

Originality/value

This paper illustrates the role and importance of organisational entrepreneurs in the international expansion process and sheds new light on the implementation of franchising decisions internationally. It identifies an important factor in the operationalisation of international franchising – the need for entrepreneurial sales people in the franchise‐selling procedure.

Keywords

Citation

Altinay, L. and Roper, A. (2005), "The entrepreneurial role of organisational members in the internationalisation of a franchise system", International Journal of Entrepreneurial Behavior & Research, Vol. 11 No. 3, pp. 222-240. https://doi.org/10.1108/13552550510598808

Publisher

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Emerald Group Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2005, Emerald Group Publishing Limited