Design and fabrication of CAP scaffolds by indirect solid free form fabrication

Xiang Li (State Key Lab for Manufacturing Systems Engineering, Xi'an Jiaotong University, Xi'an, People's Republic of China)
Dichen Li (State Key Lab for Manufacturing Systems Engineering, Xi'an Jiaotong University, Xi'an, People's Republic of China)
Bingheng Lu (State Key Lab for Manufacturing Systems Engineering, Xi'an Jiaotong University, Xi'an, People's Republic of China)
Yiping Tang (State Key Lab for Manufacturing Systems Engineering, Xi'an Jiaotong University, Xi'an, People's Republic of China)
Lin Wang (Xijing Hospital, The Fourth Military Medical University, Xi'an, People's Republic of China)
Zhen Wang (Xijing Hospital, The Fourth Military Medical University, Xi'an, People's Republic of China)

Rapid Prototyping Journal

ISSN: 1355-2546

Publication date: 1 December 2005

Abstract

Purpose

To fabricate the self‐hardening calcium phosphate composite scaffolds with controlled internal pore architectures using rapid prototyping (RP) techniques and investigate their in vitro bone tissue engineering responses.

Design/methodology/approach

The three‐dimensionally interconnected pores in scaffolds can facilitate sufficient supply of blood, oxygen and nutrients for the ingrowth of bone cells, tissue regeneration, and vascularization. It is essential for bone tissue engineering to provide an accurate control over the scaffolds material, porosity, and internal pore architectures. Negative image of scaffold was designed and epoxy resin molds were fabricated on sterolithography apparatus. Calcium phosphate cement slurry was cast in these molds. After self‐hardening, the molds were removed by pyrolysis and the resulting scaffolds were obtained.

Findings

Eight scaffolds with 54.45 percent porosity were tested on an Instron machine. The average compressive strength measured was 5.8±0.8 Mpa. Cytotoxicity and cell proliferation studies were conducted with rabbit osteoblast. Results showed that these scaffolds were non‐toxic and displayed excellent cell growth during the 2 weeks of in vitro culture.

Research limitations/implications

The resulting scaffolds inherited errors and defects from the molds, such as cracks and dimensional changes.

Originality/value

The present method enhances the versatility of scaffold fabrication by RP. It is capable of reproducibly fabricating scaffolds from a variety of biomaterials.

Keywords

Citation

Li, X., Li, D., Lu, B., Tang, Y., Wang, L. and Wang, Z. (2005), "Design and fabrication of CAP scaffolds by indirect solid free form fabrication", Rapid Prototyping Journal, Vol. 11 No. 5, pp. 312-318. https://doi.org/10.1108/13552540510623639

Download as .RIS

Publisher

:

Emerald Group Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2005, Emerald Group Publishing Limited

Please note you might not have access to this content

You may be able to access this content by login via Shibboleth, Open Athens or with your Emerald account.
If you would like to contact us about accessing this content, click the button and fill out the form.
To rent this content from Deepdyve, please click the button.