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Teams in organizations: a review on team effectiveness

María Isabel Delgado Piña (Department of Business Administration, Complutense University of Madrid, Madrid, Spain)
Ana María Romero Martínez (Department of Business Administration, Complutense University of Madrid, Madrid, Spain)
Luis Gómez Martínez (Department of Business Administration, Complutense University of Madrid, Madrid, Spain)

Team Performance Management

ISSN: 1352-7592

Article publication date: 7 March 2008

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Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to review the research on organizational teams. The aim is delimiting the conceptual space of effectiveness and determining team‐level measurement issues.

Design/methodology/approach

A range of published works, which analyse the different variables of effectiveness for each type of team, is reviewed (the most used effectiveness criteria are shown in a table). According to the existence of different types of teams – work team, parallel team, project team and management team – the authors assess what variables and measures are more appropriate according to team type, analyse the problems in gathering data and measuring in this level of analysis and, finally, offer a proposal of measurement issues for future research.

Findings

The authors conclude that effectiveness is a multidimensional concept with three dimensions: performance, attitudinal outcomes, and behavioural outcomes. Regarding team‐level measurement issues, the authors also conclude that there is a need to use multiple data sources and multimethod analyses incorporating consensus and aggregation methods, as well as observation and key informants.

Practical implications

The results of this work can support future research on teams. Although considerable headway has been made in the team effectiveness studies, there are things that still need to be done. The paper shows that a more complete measure of effectiveness must be developed, according to the three dimensions: performance, attitudinal outcomes, and behavioural outcomes.

Originality/value

The paper is a comprehensive review and provides a basis for researchers in the area of effective teams.

Keywords

Citation

Delgado Piña, M.I., María Romero Martínez, A. and Gómez Martínez, L. (2008), "Teams in organizations: a review on team effectiveness", Team Performance Management, Vol. 14 No. 1/2, pp. 7-21. https://doi.org/10.1108/13527590810860177

Publisher

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Emerald Group Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2008, Emerald Group Publishing Limited

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