Discusses some of the problems associated with the requirements and the prospects for international standards for the exchange of bibliographic records in machine‐readable form: the various roles of national bibliographies and national libraries; a lack of international cataloging standards; a lack of an international subject control system; language difficulties; character sets and codes; and nonroman alphabets. Explains that these problems lie behind the development of various MARC formats out of UNIMARC. In this final part of a four‐part article, describes the formats for South Africa, Taiwan, Japan, Croatia and Germany and indicates the points of difference and local requirements.
Kokabi, M. (1996), "The internationalization of MARC ‐ part IV: UNIMARC, some formats based on it and some other MARC formats", OCLC Systems & Services: International digital library perspectives, Vol. 12 No. 4, pp. 20-37. https://doi.org/10.1108/10650759610154000Download as .RIS
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