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Trade protectionism: reasons and outcomes

Suhail Abboushi (Duquesne University, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, USA)

Competitiveness Review

ISSN: 1059-5422

Article publication date: 5 October 2010

13494

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to establish the benefits of free trade, to examine the reasons and outcomes of protectionist policies, and to evaluate the rationale behind trade protectionism.

Design/methodology/approach

The methodology used in this paper includes review of the literature and empirical studies published from 1967 to 2008, and descriptive statistical analysis of data published by international organizations.

Findings

International trade has been growing faster than growth of world gross domestic product, and countries with freer trade policies benefit more than countries with restricted policies. Yet, trade protectionism continues to be exercised in response to pressure from select industries and political constituencies. The paper also establishes that trade restrictions are harmful to the economies of the trading partners.

Originality/value

This paper establishes the benefits of free trade, the harms of trade restrictions, and challenges the popular rationale for protectionism.

Keywords

Citation

Abboushi, S. (2010), "Trade protectionism: reasons and outcomes", Competitiveness Review, Vol. 20 No. 5, pp. 384-394. https://doi.org/10.1108/10595421011080760

Publisher

:

Emerald Group Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2010, Emerald Group Publishing Limited

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