Determinants of FDI in emerging markets: evidence from Brazil

Claudio Felisoni de Angelo (FEA (School of Economics and Administration), Universidade de São Paulo, São Paulo, Brazil)
Rangamohan V. Eunni (Williamson College of Business Administration, Youngstown State University, Youngstown, Ohio, USA)
Nuno Manoel Martins Dias Fouto (FEA (School of Economics and Administration), Universidade de São Paulo, São Paulo, Brazil)

International Journal of Commerce and Management

ISSN: 1056-9219

Publication date: 7 September 2010

Abstract

Purpose

The paper aims to evaluate the relative importance of various factors that influenced the flow of foreign direct investment (FDI) into Brazil in recent years. Analysis of empirical data indicates that evolution of the consumer market and strength of consumer sales are more important in explaining capital movements into Brazil than other frequently offered explanations such as exchange rates and country risk.

Design/methodology/approach

The paper uses two‐stage least squares regression to estimate the coefficients of a system of simultaneous equations relating FDI flows into Brazil to various influential factors.

Findings

The results indicate that internal market growth represented by aggregate consumer sales was a significant determinant of FDI into Brazil. Increase in interest rate on consumer financing was negatively related and the attractiveness of the Brazilian market had no impact on FDI flows during the captioned period.

Research limitations/implications

While factors such as inflation and exchange rates might be more important for smaller, less stable markets, in the case of larger emerging markets such as Brazil, multi‐national firms might be less concerned with short‐term fluctuations and more guided by internal market growth that affords greater opportunities to achieve economies of scale and scope.

Practical implications

The findings suggest that policy planners in big emerging markets should try to stimulate their internal markets rather than tweak fiscal and monetary policies to attract FDI.

Originality/value

The paper extends and expands the knowledge of international capital flows and provides a more nuanced understanding of the importance of internal market dynamism in attracting FDI into emerging markets.

Keywords

Citation

Felisoni de Angelo, C., Eunni, R. and Manoel Martins Dias Fouto, N. (2010), "Determinants of FDI in emerging markets: evidence from Brazil", International Journal of Commerce and Management, Vol. 20 No. 3, pp. 203-216. https://doi.org/10.1108/10569211011076901

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Publisher

:

Emerald Group Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2010, Emerald Group Publishing Limited

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