To read this content please select one of the options below:

Application of Taguchi design to retail service

Nusser Raajpoot (Central Connecticut State University, New Britain, Connecticut, USA)
Rubina Javed (University of the Punjab, Lahore, Pakistan)
Khoon Koh (Central Connecticut State University, New Britain, Connecticut, USA)

International Journal of Commerce and Management

ISSN: 1056-9219

Article publication date: 31 July 2008




The purpose of this paper is to introduce the concept of robust design in retail service literature.


Using a Taguchi design comprising of inner L8 (27) and outer 22 arrays, a discrete choice task was designed for 233 students respond to. Signal‐to‐noise (S/N) ratio was used to test design robustness.


Negative effects of uncontrollable design factors on service choice were minimized through the use of inner and outer Taguchi arrays. The single composite measure of consumer choice called S/N ratio accounted both for mean and variance of choice probabilities.

Research limitations/implications

Use of student sample was a major limitation. Also, the interaction between design factors was not tested as it required the use of more complicated designs.

Practical implications

This method can be used to improve design robustness by minimizing the impact of uncontrollable noise factors. Use of S/N ratio can help to select the design that simultaneously maximized the choice probabilities and minimized performance variation.


The paper makes important methodological and operational contributions to the retail service design literature. First, the concept of controllable and uncontrollable factors in choice‐based designs is introduced. Second, the use of S/N ratio as a single, composite measure of design robustness was incorporated. Operationally, this study highlights the impact of less‐studied concepts of wayfinding and customer incompatibility on satisfaction of retail customers.



Raajpoot, N., Javed, R. and Koh, K. (2008), "Application of Taguchi design to retail service", International Journal of Commerce and Management, Vol. 18 No. 2, pp. 184-199.



Emerald Group Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2008, Emerald Group Publishing Limited

Related articles