As global markets become more customer oriented, rapid response rates are now often among the most important metrics in business. To achieve the required agility, many companies are forced to take decisions of whether to vertically integrate a value chain or to outsource some of its operations. The purpose of this paper is to develop a sequential decision modeling process to enable determination of optimal outsourcing policy decisions with respect to the variables such as warehouse inventory, in‐house manufacturing capacity and the ordering cost to the outsource supplier.
In this paper, a discrete dynamic programming‐based modeling framework is developed for analyzing outsourcing policies for supply chain management problems. Specifically, the assumed situation entails a dynamic decision between in‐house production vis‐à‐vis outsourcing, which is contingent upon several factors such as demand during the period under consideration, available inventory, available production capacity of the firm, ordering cost to the outsourced supplier and the fixed capital cost of machine capacity enhancement.
The framework enables the determination of a time‐based outsourcing policy, which is a prescription regarding: the optimum quantities to be produced in‐house vs those to be outsourced, and the level of capacity to be set in each period.
The problem investigates useful managerial decisions that are relevant to a real life dynamic situation within a manufacturing industry when effecting outsourcing decisions.
Dev, N., Swami, S. and Caprihan, R. (2010), "A discrete dynamic programming approach towards optimal outsourcing policy in supply chain management", Journal of Advances in Management Research, Vol. 7 No. 1, pp. 94-111. https://doi.org/10.1108/09727981011042874Download as .RIS
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