Chaordic systems thinking for learning organizations

Goran D. Putnik (Department of Production and Systems Engineering at the University of Minho, Campus of Azurem, Guimarães, Portugal)
Frans M. van Eijnatten (Department of Technology Management, Eindhoven University of Technology, Eindhoven, The Netherlands)

The Learning Organization

ISSN: 0969-6474

Publication date: 1 December 2004


In this concluding paper the guest editors reflect on the contents of this special issue, and give some suggestions for future use of the CST framework. An interesting disclosure is that in chaos‐and‐complexity research the unit of measurement is not the individual human being, but the collective (i.e. dyad, team, or group), seen as a holon. Another important observation is that human interactions – ranging from the individual to the collective levels – are the “carriers of learning” in CST. In order to guide future research with CST, ten levels of abstraction are delineated which were borrowed from research on general design theory.



Putnik, G. and van Eijnatten, F. (2004), "Chaordic systems thinking for learning organizations ", The Learning Organization, Vol. 11 No. 6, pp. 491-494.

Download as .RIS



Emerald Group Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2004, Emerald Group Publishing Limited

Please note you might not have access to this content

You may be able to access this content by login via Shibboleth, Open Athens or with your Emerald account.
If you would like to contact us about accessing this content, click the button and fill out the form.
To rent this content from Deepdyve, please click the button.