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Intellectual capital in Egyptian software firms

Ahmed Seleim (Alexandria University, Alexandria, Egypt)
Ahmed Ashour (Alexandria University, Alexandria, Egypt)
Nick Bontis (DeGroote School of Business, McMaster University, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada)

The Learning Organization

ISSN: 0969-6474

Article publication date: 1 August 2004



The distribution of knowledge around the world varies significantly with developed countries possessing most of the world's current intellectual capital (IC) compared to developing countries. Most IC research has been conducted in a variety of international settings such as the UK, Scandinavia, Australia, Canada, Austria, Malaysia, the USA, and Ireland. However, no empirical research has been conducted at the organizational level in the field of IC in Arab countries. These nations are socially, economically, and culturally different from most countries in the aforementioned list. This study describes the IC in Egyptian software firms. The study's objective is to contribute to the IC theory development by building a measurement system in an unique context. This paper highlights the key IC indicators as reported by Egyptian CEOs. Ultimately, the resultant report provides them with a direction for building a strong knowledge base for future IC development.



Seleim, A., Ashour, A. and Bontis, N. (2004), "Intellectual capital in Egyptian software firms", The Learning Organization, Vol. 11 No. 4/5, pp. 332-346.



Emerald Group Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2004, Emerald Group Publishing Limited

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