This paper explores some psychological aspects of community vulnerability following the 1995 and 1996 eruptions at Ruapehu volcano, New Zealand. A model comprising three psychological factors (sense of community, coping style and self‐efficacy) is used to investigate this issue. The results suggest that self‐efficacy and problem‐focused coping reduce vulnerability and that this model has a role to play in identifying vulnerable communities. The differential implications of physical and economic hazard consequences for community vulnerability were also examined. Data is presented that reinforces the view that the salience of volcanic hazard consequences is a result of their implications for community functions and resources. The implications for mitigation, threat communication and the development of resilient communities are discussed.
Miller, M., Paton, D. and Johnston, D. (1999), "Community vulnerability to volcanic hazard consequences", Disaster Prevention and Management, Vol. 8 No. 4, pp. 255-260. https://doi.org/10.1108/09653569910283888Download as .RIS
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