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Challenges of disaster vulnerability reduction in Lagos Megacity Area, Nigeria

Eziyi Offia Ibem (Department of Architecture, College of Science and Technology, Covenant University, Ota, Nigeria)

Disaster Prevention and Management

ISSN: 0965-3562

Article publication date: 22 February 2011




The aim of this research is to identify the factors responsible for the inability of authorities in rapidly growing megacities in developing countries to integrate disaster risk vulnerability reduction strategies effectively with their development plans.


The study followed a qualitative research strategy. A survey research approach with pre‐tested questionnaires as key data collection instrument was used in eliciting responses from 135 randomly selected built environment professionals in academics and disaster management practitioners in government and non‐governmental organizations in Lagos Megacity Area, Nigeria.


A number of factors militating against the adoption of effective disaster vulnerability reduction strategies in the area were identified. The most critical were faltering institutions and governance, weak infrastructure base and a low level of disaster education.

Research limitations/implications

The sample population comprised mainly built environment professionals in academics and disaster managers across the city. Therefore, the views presented in the paper may not be considered generalizable within the context of multiplicity of stakeholders in disaster studies. However, the research presents the perception of experts and key stakeholders in disaster vulnerability reduction in the study area.

Practical implications

The findings can form the basis for addressing these challenges, most particularly in generating and adopting new approaches to policy formulation and implementation by the public and private sectors.


Research on this subject‐matter is very limited in Nigeria. It is, however, very relevant in efforts at addressing the challenges of sustainable development in developing countries from the human and policy dimensions.



Offia Ibem, E. (2011), "Challenges of disaster vulnerability reduction in Lagos Megacity Area, Nigeria", Disaster Prevention and Management, Vol. 20 No. 1, pp. 27-40.



Emerald Group Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2011, Emerald Group Publishing Limited

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