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Proactive co‐learning: a new paradigm in disaster education

Koichi Shiwaku (Graduate School of Global Environmental Studies, Kyoto University, Kyoto, Japan)
Rajib Shaw (Graduate School of Global Environmental Studies, Kyoto University, Kyoto, Japan)

Disaster Prevention and Management

ISSN: 0965-3562

Article publication date: 25 April 2008




The aims of this paper are to point out the effectiveness of the education at Maiko and show the direction of effective school disaster education.


The questionnaire survey was conducted in 12 schools (1,065 students) from different parts of Japan, including that of Maiko, to understand the linking between disaster education and students' awareness.


The questionnaire results show a distinct higher risk perception and risk reduction actions of the students in the Maiko, as compared to other schools. The Maiko focuses on mitigation and preparedness, mainly teaches about the social environment, and makes students think of the importance of implementation. This learning process is found to be effective in reducing the gap between intention and action.

Research limitations/implications

This study points out the crucial points of disaster education based on the education at Maiko. The specific case of disaster education should be developed in each school, adapting local situation.

Practical implications

The study findings are of significant importance for school‐teachers or education departments, while designing the curriculum for disaster education.


The paper shows that education at Maiko is one of the best practices of school based disaster education and the findings and recommendations can be effective at other schools.



Shiwaku, K. and Shaw, R. (2008), "Proactive co‐learning: a new paradigm in disaster education", Disaster Prevention and Management, Vol. 17 No. 2, pp. 183-198.



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Copyright © 2008, Emerald Group Publishing Limited

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